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Africana Archives: Excerpts:
African American History

African American History

Read some classics or discover new research on the rich mosaic of African American history.

Mobile, Alabama's People of Color: A Tricentennial History, 1702-2002

© 2004, by Shawn A. Bivens. Trafford Publishing

While historians have offered interpretations about European and Spanish explorations to North America, very little has been written about Africans who accompanied those explorers. Even fewer historical interpretations have been written about journeys to the “New World” by native African explorers from the African continent.

Long before the French lay claim to Mobile, for instance, some Negroes accompanied the Spanish when they explored Mobile Bay. Additionally, during a close encounter at Mobile Bay in 1528, members of the Panfilo de Narvaez expedition exchanged one Negro for two Indian hostages. As another case in point, between 1305 and 1492, the King of Mali, Abu Baraki, II, and Mandingo merchant explorers made over fifty voyages across the Atlantic to Central and South American sites. MORE

Race Work: The Rise of Civil Rights in the Urban West

© 2005, by Matthew C. Whitaker. University of Nebraska Press

On December 7, 1941, the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor ended years of America’s questionable “neutrality” during World War II. It propelled the United State immediately into a climactic event that changed the nation forever. America’s participation in the war also altered its global status, making it the world’s wealthiest industrialized military power. The impact of America’s involvement in World War II on African Americans is complex. On the one hand, the war ushered in a period of unprecedented progress in black employment, mobility, and professional activism. On the other hand, America’s crusade in the name of freedom and democracy in World War II failed to reach millions of its black citizens at home. MORE

The Mount Dorans: African American History Notes of a Florida Town

© 2000, by Vivian Owens. Eschar Publishing

Meet people who journeyed far beyond the stereotypical barriers of racism, even poverty and under-education, to make zenith contributions to small town living and the masses of humanity. MORE

Between Race and Ethnicity: Cape Verdean American Immigrants, 1860-1965

© 1993, by Marilyn Halter. Chicago, University of Illlinois Press. © 1993 by the Board of Trustees, University of Illinois. Used with Permission from the University of Illinois Press

Introduction: The Cape Verdeans – All Shades, All Hues

The story of American immigration, when written in other form than that of lifeless statistics, has many strange chapters. Perhaps there is no more curious chapter than that of the people of the Cape Verde Archipelago.

- Albert Jenks, anthropologist, 1924

Many inhabitants of the Cape Verde archipelago, twenty-one islands and islets in a crescent shape stretching from 283 to 448 miles off the west coast of Africa, have immigrated to the United States, constituting a little-known racial-ethnic group in this country, the Cape Verdean Americans. Though relatively small in numbers, these Afro-Portuguese settlers represent the only major community of Americans of African descent (albeit of mixed ancestry) to have voluntarily made the transatlantic voyage to the United States. MORE

Preview These Recommended Titles at Google Book Search:

Black Heritage Sites: An African American Odyssey and Finder's Guide by Nancy C. Curtis

Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience : Concise Desk Reference by Henry Louis Gates, Kwame Anthony Appiah, Anthony Appiah

The Routledge Atlas of African American History by Jonathan Halperin Earle

African-American Pride: Celebrating Our Achievements, Contributions, and Enduring Legacy by Tyehimba Jess

Living Black History: How Reimagining the African-American Past Can Remake America's Racial Future by Manning Marable

Read Excerpts from These Recommended Titles at

The New York Public Library Amazing African American History: A Book of Answers for Kids by The New York Public Library, Diane Patrick

A Kid's Guide to African American History by Nancy I. Sanders

The Pride of African American History: Inventors, Scientists, Physicians, Engineers : Featuring Many Outstanding African Americans and More Than 1,000 African American Inventions Verified by Donald Wilson, Jane Wilson

Explore. Discover. Learn. Teach.

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Students can enjoy the online, interactive crossword puzzle on Black History Month from

Copyright 2004 The University of South Florida and The Africana Heritage Project. All Rights Reserved Worldwide. For more information, contact the Africana Heritage Project via e-mail.