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Book Excerpt: 110 Experiences for Multicultural Learning
© 2004 by Paul B. Pedersen

110 Experiences for Multicultural Learning

© 2004 Paul Pedersen. Washington, DC: APA Press

Combines simulations, exercises and structured role-playing activities that have been used successfully in psychology classrooms to demonstrate the relevance of cultural diversity to psychological topics. Psychology instructors will find that these are more than just “curriculum”. These experiences aim to increase interactive learning both among culturally different people in the classroom and between students and the multicultural community outside the classroom. This purpose is best demonstrated in the Table of Contents.




1. World Picture Test 44
2. Capturing Cultural Bias 48
3. Perception Versus Reasoning 51
4. What Other Persons Say, Feel and Mean 53
5. Outside Expert 54
6. Role Playing Cultural Stories 55
7. Drawing a House 56
8. Cultural Bingo 57
9. Learning to Grow Old 59
10. Finding Common Ground in an Argument 61
11. Gift Giving 63
12. Checkers and Chess 64
13. Inventing a Multicultural Retrospective 66
14. Western and Non-Western Perspectives 70
15. Coalitions and Trust Information 78
16. Fantasy Walk in the Woods 79
17. Seeing Ourselves as Others See Us 42
18. The Hidden Agenda 43
19. Interpreting Policy in Cultural Context 46
20. Cultural Impact Story-Telling 47
21. Culture-Shock Ratings and Symptom Checklist 49
22. How to Sabotage Multicultural Groups 62
23. Describing Cultural Identity 65
24. Interpreting a Projective Picture 69
25. Drawing Symbols of Your Culture 71
26. Geometric Symbols of Cultural Values 77
27. A Free Drawing Test 45
28. Dialogue Within Ourselves 50
29. Predicting the Decisions of a Resource Person 58
30. Capturing Cultural Metaphors and Simili 67
31. Multicultural Group Process Recall 68
32. Testing the Underlying Truth 72
33. Inference-Observation Test 73
34. The Test of Reasonable Opposites 76


35. Talking about Multiculturalism in Primary Grades 89
36. Happy Hell or Lonely Heaven: The Brain Drain Problem 95
37. A Classroom Debate 104
38. Two Cultural Perspectives of Education in Society 110
39. Two Levels of Communication in The Military Culture 113
40. The Plural Versus the Singular Cultural Perspective 115
41. The Importance of Key Words in a Transcript 119
42. Public and Private Self 121
43. The Johari Window 124
44. A Self Assessment of Multicultural Awareness, Knowledge and Skill 126
45. High and Low Context Cultures in Conflict 134
46. A Values Auction 147
47. Interviewing Local Resource Persons 88
48. Double Loop Thinking 103
49. Stereotypes of Different Groups 106
50. Stereotypes of Different Groups 109
51. Cultural Value Systems with Conflicting Points of View 112
52. Describing the Feelings of a Resource Person 118
53. Fighting Fair 122
54. Making History Live 125
55. Prisoners Dilemma 133
56. Four Contrasting Ethical Orientation 137
57. Finding Common Ground with your Best Friend 140
58. Being Normal and Being Abnormal 149
59. Nominal Group Process 161
60. Separating Expectations from Behavior in 10 Synthetic Cultures 90

61. Gift Giving Across Cultures 101
62. Role Playing a “Hypothetical Problem” in a Group 108
63. Role Playing a Newspaper Incident 112
64. Listening to the Voices 115
65. Culture Perspective Taking 117
66. Getting Feedback from Other Group Members 119
67. Cultural Value Systems in a Counseling Relationship 141
68. Triad Training Model 143
69. Culture-Centered Genogram 151


70. Orientation for a Cross-Cultural Experience 169
71. Michigan International Student Problem Inventory 171
72. Critical Incidents in Airline Travel 219
73. Pot Luck Dinner 230
74. Evaluating A Workshop With A Pre-Test and a Post Test 275
75. Scripts for Trigger Tapes on Video 177
76. Intercultural Communication Skills for Help Providers in the Military 195
77. Rehearsal Demonstration Model 228
78. Role Playing a Transcript 231
79. A Synthetic Culture Training Laboratory 240
80. Critical Incidents in Multicultural Ethics 255
81. American/Contrast American 26
82. Decreasing Cultural Barriers 270
83. American Auction 277
84. Hearing the Sounds of a Cultural Context 278
85. Critical Incidents Involving Ethnic Minorities 179
86. Critical Incidents with International Students 203
87. Critical Incidents in Tourist Groups 215
88. Hearing the Devils and the Angels Within Us 229
89. Action Project 231
90. Lump Sum : A Budget Simulation 232
91. Culturally Learned Parent Roles for Refugees 257
92. Finding Common Ground in Sports and Athletics 272
93. Unanswered Questions and Knowledge Gaps 274


94. A Personal Cultural History 285
95. Applications of Critical Incidents 323
96. Analyzing a Transcript 324
97. A Culture-Centered Interview Guide 325
98. The Cross-Cultural Trade-off 336
99. Adapting to the Culture of a University 357
100.No Questions Asked 287
101.Partners: A Sex-Role Training Exercise 290
102.The I.I.P.Questionnaire 306
103.Developing Cultural Life Skills 319
104.International Student Survey of Strong Feelings 346
105.Shopping in an Unfamiliar Culture 369
106.A Simulation Designing Exercise Called “Multipoly” 288
107.Life Styles and Our Social Values 312
108.Locating Power Networks in Organizations 317
109.Writing an Ethnography 367
110 The Cultural Grid 371

CHAPTER SIX: CONCLUSIONS: Staying Out of Trouble 372


Overall, the objective of this book is to stimulate awareness, knowledge and skills for managing the psychological dynamics of diverse cultural contexts in practical ways. Although these experiences can be used with a variety of students and classroom settings, most of the experiences are suited for teaching students in counseling programs. Instructors will do their students a great service by incorporating the experiences into the classroom, thereby blurring the boundaries between the classroom and multicultural community resources and helping students learn ways to use those experiences in their future practice of psychology

Please Note: This excerpt appears by special permission of the author and publisher and may not be presented elsewhere without permission of the copyright holders.
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About the Author:

Paul B. Pedersen, PhD, Professor Emeritus, Syracuse University, Visiting Professor, University of Hawai‘i Department of Psychology, has taught at the university level for more than 30 years, focusing in the areas of counselor education, cross-cultural psychology, communication, intercultural training, international education, constructive conflict management, alternative and complementary therapies, and educational development. His primary interests include the effect of group difference on interpersonal and intra-personal interaction between cultural and nationality identities in the educational setting, multinational corporation, public or private sector, and in the community.

Pedersen has authored or edited 40 books, 74 chapters in books, 99 articles, and 19 other monograph-length published or circulated documents. His consulting activities have included work in over a dozen countries with public and private organizations. Consulting has included an average of ten or more training seminars a year on aspects of intercultural communication or mental health.

Pedersen was a senior Fulbright Scholar in 1999-2000, teaching at National Taiwan University. He is a fellow in the American Psychological Association''s Society for the Study of Social Issues as well as a fellow in the association''s Ethnic and Minority Issues, Counseling, and International Psychology divisions.

Pedersen''s clients include, among others: The American Psychological Association, American Educational Research Association, American Association for Counseling and Development, The World Bank, Pan American Airlines, Northwest Airlines, EXXON Malaysia, American Field Service, Harvard University, Pace University, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Fordham University, The National University of Malaysia, the Australian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Agency for International Development, Stanford University, City University of New York, US Department of Health and Human Services, and the Australian Ministry of Cultural Affairs.

To learn more, visit Dr. Paul Pedersen''s homepage

Copyright 2004 The University of South Florida and The Africana Heritage Project. All Rights Reserved Worldwide. For more information, contact the Africana Heritage Project via e-mail.