Did you know that the PALMM Collection at the University of South Florida offers free access to articles on African American history? Anyone can access and print these articles.
The PALMM Collection (Publication of Archival, Library & Museum Materials) is a cooperative initiative of the public universities of Florida to provide digital access to important source materials for research and scholarship.
PALMM projects may involve a single university or may be collaborative efforts between a university and partners within or outside of the state university system. PALMM projects create high-quality virtual collections relevant to students and the research community.
The articles below are merely a sample of what you will find in the collection. Please follow the links below to access articles on African American history, and please be sure to visit and search the PALMM collection to find articles that are relevant to your particular research interest.
Please Note: The PALMM Collection website often shuts down after midnight for maintenance.
"Dignity and Importance:" Slavery in Jefferson County, Florida-1827 TO 1860 by Larry Rivers
An "African Prince, Majestic is His Wrath": William S. McFeely's Biography of Frederick Douglass by Willard B. Gatewood
Challenging the Masters: Recent Studies on Slavery and Freedom by Christopher Morris
Frederick Douglass and the Building of a Wall of Anti-Slavery Fire, 1845-1846. An Essay Review by Willard B. Gatewood, Jr.
Negro Slavery in Florida Part I by Edwin L. Williams Jr.
Negro Slavery in Florida Part II by Edwin L. Williams Jr.
Race Relations in Territorial Florida, 1821-1845 by Canter Brown, Jr.
Skilled Slave Labor in Florida: 1850-1860 by Christopher E. Linsin
Slave Unrest in Florida by Ray Granade
Slavery and the Political Economy of Gadsden County, Florida: 1823-1861 by Larry E. Rivers
Slavery and White Servitude in East Florida, 1726-1776 by Wilbur H. Siebert
Slavery in East Florida, 1776-1785 by Wilbur H. Siebert
The Legal Status of the Negro in Florida by Thelma Bates
Toward a More Humane Oppression: Florida's Slave Codes, 1821-1861 by Joseph Conan Thompson
Plantation Economy in Leon County 1830-1840 by Julia F. Hering
Plantation Self-Sufficiency in Leon County, Florida: 1824-1860 by Margaret T. Ordoez
The Slave Trade
A Florida Slave Sale by Peter D. Klingman
Illegal Importations: Enforcement of the Slave Trade Laws Along the Florida Coast, 1810-1828 by Frances J. Stafford
Slave Trading in Antebellum Florida by Julia F. Smith
The Schooner Emperor: An Incident of the Illegal Slave Trade in Florida by Dorothy Dodd
Zephaniah Kingsley, Nonconformist (1765-1843) by Philip S. May
Freedom Seekers and Maroons
Black Slaves, Red Masters, White Middlemen: A Congressional Debate of 1852 by James E. Sefton
Finding Freedom in Florida: Native Peoples, African Americans, and Colonists, 1670-1816 by Patrick Riordan
The Exiles of Florida;: or, The Crimes Committed by Our Government Against the Maroons, Who Fled from South Carolina, and Other Slave States, Seeking Protection Under Spanish Laws (The 1858 publication by Joshua Giddings.)
Events at Prospect Bluff on the Apalachicola River, 1808-1818 by Mark F. Boyd (This article describes the destruction of the "Negro Fort.")
Spanish Sanctuary: Fugitives in Florida, 1687-1790 by Jane Landers
The Return of Runaway Slaves 1790-1794 by Richard K. Murdoch
Trial and Imprisonment of Jonathan Walker, at Pensacola, Florida, for Aiding Slaves to Escape from Bondage: With an Appendix, Containing a Sketch of his Life. 1845 edition by Johnathan Walker.
A Free Negro Purchases his Daughter by Herbert J. Doherty Jr.
The Free Negro in Florida Before the Civil War by Russell Garvin
The Voluntary Exile of Free Negroes of Pensacola by Ruth B. Barr and Modeste Hargis
Tom Moreno: A Pensacola Creole by William S. Coker
Blacks and the Seminole Removal Debate, 1821-1835 by George Klos
Osceola and the Negroes by Kenneth W. Porter
The Negro Abraham by Kenneth W. Porter
Notes on Seminole Negroes in the Bahamas by Kenneth W. Porter
The Seminole Negroes of Andros Island, Bahamas by John M. Goggin
The Civil War and Emancipation
An Integrated Free School in Civil War Florida by Gerald Schwartz
Race and Civil War in South Florida by Irvin D. Solomon and Grace Erhart
A Plan to Homestead Freedmen in Florida in 1866 by F. Bruce Rosen
Carpetbagger Intrigues, Black Leadership, and a Southern Loyalist Triumph: Florida's Gubernatorial Election of 1872 by Canter Brown, Jr.
Chloe Merrick Reed: Freedom's First Lady by Sarah Whitmer Foster and John T. Foster, Jr.
Contract Labor in Florida During Reconstruction by Edward K. Eckert
Florida Black Codes by Joe M. Richardson
Custom, Law, and History: The Enduring Influence of Florida's "Black Code" by Jerrell H. Shofner
Harmon Murray: Black Desperado in Late Nineteenth Century Florida by Billy Jaynes Chandler
John Willis Menard: A Progressive Black in Post-Civil War Florida by Bess Beatty
Landlords and Tenants: Sharecropping and the Cotton Culture in Leon County, Florida, 1865-1885 by Clay Ouzts
Military Reconstruction and the Growth of Anti-Negro Sentiment in Florida, 1867 by Ralph L. Peek
Notes on Reconstruction in Tallahassee and Leon County, 1866-1876 from the Florida Historical Society
On the Land for Life: Black Tenant Farmers on Tall Timbers Plantation by Susan Hamburger
Racial Patterns of Labor in Postbellum Florida: Gainseville, 1870-1900 by David Sowell
Tallahassee's Black Churches, 1865-1885 by Robert L. Hall
The Freedmen's Bureau and Negro Labor in Florida by Joe M. Richardson
An Evaluation of the Freedmen's Bureau in Florida by Joe M. Richardson
The Labor League of Jacksonville: A Negro Union and White Strikebreakers by Jerrell H. Shofner
The Last Shall Be First: Northern Methodists in Reconstruction Jacksonville by John T. Foster, Jr., and Sarah Whitmer Foster
Union Academy: A Freedmen's Bureau School in Gainesville, Florida by Murray D. Laurie
"Where Are Now the Hopes I Cherished?" The Life and Times of Robert Meacham by Canter Brown, Jr.
"Yonder Come Day": Religious Dimensions of the Transition From Slavery to Freedom in Florida by Robert L. Hall
Black Immigrants: Bahamians in Early Twentieth-Century Miami by Raymond A. Mohl
Black Reaction to Segregation and Discrimination in Post-Reconstruction Florida by Wali R. Kharif
Blanche Armwood of Tampa and the Strategy of Interracial Cooperation by Keith Halderman
Booker T. Washington's Florida Incident, 1903-1904 by Arthur O. White
Colored Town: Miami's Black Community, 1896-1930 by Paul S. George
Florida and the Black Migration by Jerrell H. Shofner
GI Joe Meets Jim Crow: Racial Violence and Reform in World War II Florida by Gary R. Mormino
Loss of Identity on Pensacola's Past: A Creole Footnote by Donald H. Bragaw
Policing Miami's Black Community, 1896-1930 by Paul S. George
Ringing Up a School: Mary McLeod Bethune's Impact on Daytona by Audrey Thomas McCluskey
"So Goes the Negro": Race and Labor in Miami, 1940-1963 by Eric Tscheschlok
Something More Than A Creed: Mary McLeod Bethune's Aim of Integrated Autonomy As Director of Negro Affairs by Christopher E. Linsin
St. Augustine School: Seventy-Five Years of Negro Parochial Education in Gainesville, Florida by Harry A. Kersey
Status of Negroes in a Southern Port City in the Progressive Era: Pensacola, 1896-1920 by Donald H. Bragaw
The Female Protection and the Sunlight: Two Contemporary Negro Mutual Aid Societies by Bruce Ergood
When a Minority Becomes the Majority: Blacks in Jacksonville Politics, 1887-1907 by Edward N. Akin
"Without Compromise or Fear": Florida's African American Female Activists by Maxine D. Jones
Rosewood: Before & After from the Florida Historical Society
Rosewood and America in the Early Twentieth Century by David R. Colburn
The Rosewood Massacre and the Women Who Survived It by Maxine D. Jones
The Civil Rights Movement
Civil Rights and School Desegregation in Sanford by Patricia Dillon
Civil Rights Leader Harry T. Moore and the Ku Klux Klan in Florida by James C. Clark
Reexamining the Early Career and Thought of Martin Luther King, Jr.: Volume I of the King Papers by David R. Colburn
Copyright 2004 The University of South Florida and The Africana Heritage Project. All Rights Reserved Worldwide. For more information, contact the Africana Heritage Project via e-mail.