TANDY BROCKMAN MASON
Kentucky Slave Owner of Christian, Todd, and Ballard Counties
What Happened To His Slaves After Emancipation?
By Kathleen Hill
Field Editor, USF Africana Heritage Project
Tandy B. Mason was the only Slave owner named Mason in Ballard County, Kentucky on the 1860 Slave Schedule Census. He is shown owing 25 Black and Mulatto slaves. There were 10 Black slaves, 4 females ages 35, 28, 12, and 7; and 6 males ages 23, 14, (2) 12, 5, and 2. There were 15 Mulatto slaves, 6 females ages (2) 23, 18, 14, 8, and 2; and 9 males ages 40, 30, 14, 12, 6, 5, 4, 3, and 2. The 1860 Slave Schedule for Tandy’s brother, William B. Mason, (who had remained in Christian County, KY), shows that William owned 61 Slaves and one-third of them are identified as Mulatto. It raises interesting questions as to why almost half of the Slaves owned by this family were Mulatto.
Tandy Brockman Mason was born in Christian County, KY about 1825 to 1830, the son of Joseph Mason and Elizabeth Lindsay Brockman Bronaugh. Tandy’s mother, Elizabeth Lindsay Brockman, was born in Orange, VA to William Brockman and Mary Lindsay. Elizabeth was married to Charles B. Bronaugh in 1810 in Orange, VA. It is assumed that her 1st husband died. She then married Joseph Mason in 1813 in Christian County, KY. It is not known to this author whether or not Elizabeth brought any Slaves to her marriages. Joseph Mason died in 1832, leaving his widow and 5 children: William B., Charles, Mary Jane, Tandy, and Elizabeth A., as well as a substantial number of Slaves.
William B. Mason married Sarah Nichols Anderson and Elizabeth A. Mason married Unknown McCutchion.
Tandy B. Mason married Fanny E. Falkner Feb. 25, 1852, in Todd County, KY. She was the daughter of Richard and Fanny Falkner. Sometime between 1852 and 1858, Tandy and his in-laws moved from Todd County to Ballard County, KY.
The 1860 Census of Tharps District, Hazelwood Post Office, of Ballard County shows Tandy and Fanny with 1 daughter, Lee Ellen age 3. Tandy is shown owning real estate valued at $32,000 and personal property (slaves) valued at $25,000. Listed in the same household was Tandy’s father-in-law, Richard Falkner, who had personal property valued at $2,300. The 1860 Slave Schedule showed Richard Falkner as the owner of 1 Black female age 30 and 1 Black male age 24.
Tandy Mason died between the 1860 and 1870 Census. I can find no Civil War military record for him. On the 1870 Census of Ballard County, his widow Fanny is living with their daughter. Her real estate is valued at $10,000 and her personal property is valued at $1,300.
Kentucky State Vital Statistics for the years 1852 thru 1859, show that Tandy Mason reported the deaths of 8 slaves in Ballard County, KY in the year 1858.
These deaths were reported as follows:
Owner T. B. Mason, born Christian Co. KY
1. Agness, black, age 7, female, good condition, died March 1858, burnt.
2. Daniel, black, age 75, male, servant, good condition, died April 1858 of unknown cause.
3. Malinda, black, age 25, female, bad condition, died March 1858 of disease of the lungs.
4. Elin, black, age 5, female, bad condition, died April 1858 of disease of lungs.
5. Dennis, black, age 3, male, bad condition, died April 1858 of disease of lungs.
6. Bill, black, age 3, male, bad condition, died June 1858 of disease of lungs.
7. Silas, black, age 8, bad condition, died June 1858 of disease of lungs.
8. Clarah, black, age 65, female, servant, bad condition, died September 1858 of disease of lungs.
If this “disease of the lungs”, that killed 6 Mason slaves in 1858, was TB, then more Slaves probably died of it before Emancipation.
The 1870 Census of Ballard County, KY shows only 13 African American Masons, and 4 of them are children born after Emancipation. These Masons are scattered in different districts of the county.
District 1, Woodville
Jane Mason 18, with John Mason 1, both Mulatto, were in the white household of William and George F. Scott. The Scott brothers were Tanners. Jane was working as their housekeeper.
District 2, Barlow
Joseph Mason 40, Black, with John 8, Black, and Peter 5, Mulatto, were in the white household of Isaac Smith. Joseph was working as a farm laborer.
Lafayette Mason 18, Black, was living in the white household of Randall Crice and working as a farm laborer.
George Mason 13, Black, was living in the white household of Crate Moore and working as a laborer.
District 4, Milburn
Harriett Mason 30, Black, is the head of her own household. She is shown with the following children (all Black): Henry 14, Alexander 12, Tabitha (Sobitha) 6, Anthony 4 and Elbert 1.
By the 1880 Census of Ballard County, KY there are only 2 African American Masons:
1. See E. Mason 4, Black, stepdaughter of Rufus Coleman 30, and his wife Julia 27.
2. William Mason 19, Black, living in the Black household of Thomas 39, and Florance 30, Kella. Relationship was “other”.
Did the freed slaves of Tandy Mason continue to die off from “lung disease”, return to family members in Christian County, change their surnames after Emancipation, die in the 1873 Cholera epidemic, or just move away from Ballard County?
November 30, 2004
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This article was prepared for The USF Africana Heritage Project (www.africanaheritage.com) by Kathleen Hill.
2004 "Tandy Brockman Mason: Kentucky Slave Owner of Christian, Todd, and Ballard Counties: What Happened To His Slaves After Emancipation?"
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